OECD report measures distance to near-term SDG targets to 2030 | News | SDG Knowledge Center


The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has launched a report on the progress of its 38 member countries towards the SDG targets and the likelihood of achieving them by 2030. According to the report, OECD countries have reached or are close to reaching 25% of the targets for which performance can be measured. The report also highlights current “blind spots” in SDG statistics for OECD countries.The report titled “The Short and Winding Road to 2030: Measuring Distance to the SDG Targets” states that progress towards 21 targets is “in progress”. delay”.

Ten goals have been achieved and 18 more are on the way. Many of them relate to basic needs, covering areas such as:

  • access to sanitation, fresh water and energy;
  • reduce maternal and child mortality;
  • access to early childhood education;
  • provide modern teaching facilities; and
  • give a legal identity to all citizens.

The eradication of acute hunger is an area where most OECD countries are close to being achieved. However, few governments “will be able to completely prevent social exclusion or reduce malnutrition by 2030,” the authors predict.

In terms of environment-focused targets, the report finds progress in many areas, such as energy intensity, water use and municipal waste management. But part of this progress is due to the relocation of production abroad in resource-intensive and pollution-intensive sectors. Furthermore, “the use of material resources to support economic growth remains high and many valuable materials continue to be disposed of as waste.”

On climate action (SDG 13), greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have been somewhat decoupled from GDP growth, but total emissions are not declining at the necessary rate. On biodiversity (SDGs 14 and 15), the report notes growing threats and says that none of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets that should have been met by 2020 have been met by all countries. of the OECD.

Data gaps persist for OECD countries. The report finds that 136 of the 169 SDG targets are covered by available data, but even this may have gaps such as timeliness or granularity. Thus, they do not sufficiently provide a measure of current results or performance over time. To inform decisions by 2030, governments need to accurately track their progress on the SDGs, but in many cases data is still insufficient. As the authors write, “If the SDG reporting framework is incomplete or outdated, or fails to represent all segments of the population, any inference about policy effectiveness is likely to be biased. wrong. The same is true if diagnostic tools cannot provide a full assessment of the most recent trends, especially in times of uncertainty.

The report also suggests some early lessons to stimulate thinking about the framework for global action that will succeed the SDGs. It underlines the need to consider how a new framework could capture the links between the different goals, targets and indicators and their overall coherence. Global monitoring and evaluation instruments such as the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA) should be promoted as crucial “public goods”, and policy instrument measures and end-outcome measures should be separated, in order to better identify the causal chain from inputs to processes. , outputs and outcomes in evaluations and framework assessments.

A final lesson concerns the tension between adopting a broad framework while facilitating focus on a small number of high-level indicators. To address this tension, the report suggests that “implementation must be responsive to national needs and priorities, as well as limited resources”, with national dialogues – informed by international frameworks – taking responsibility for selecting targets and indicators.

The OECD “Measuring the Distance to SDG Targets” report series is part of the OECD SDG Action Plan to help member countries implement the 2030 Agenda. is based on the IAEG list of global indicators and uses data from the UN SDG database and OECD databases. [OECD press release] [Publication: The Short and Winding Road to 2030: Measuring Distance to the SDG Targets]


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